Economics & Trade
    Records 1 to 10 of 436
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go directly to report, PDF _ R41150 - Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations
30-Sep-2010; Carl E. Behrens; 55 p.
Abstract: The Energy and Water Development appropriations bill provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Reclamation, the Department of Energy (DOE), and a number of independent agencies.

Key budgetary issues for FY2011 i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Water, Economics & Trade

go directly to report, PDF _ RS21977 - Agricultural Credit: Institutions and Issues
14-Jul-2010; Jim Monke; 21 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
January 24, 2008
March 8, 2007
September 14, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The federal government has long provided credit assistance to farmers, in response to insufficient lending in rural areas or a desire for targeted lending to disadvantaged groups. One federal lender is the Farm Service Agency (FSA) in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). It issues direct lo.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Economics & Trade, Legislative
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32344 - Ballast Water Management to Combat Invasive Species
8-Jul-2010; Eugene H. Buck; 15 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
October 1, 2007
June 20, 2007
October 2, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The 111th Congress may elect to consider legislation (H.R. 500 and S. 237) that has been introduced to amend and reauthorize the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990 to further study vessel ballast water management standards and modify how ballast water is handled.

.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Economics & Trade, Water

go directly to report, PDF _ RL30024 - U.S. Global Climate Change Policy: Evolving Views on Cost, Competitiveness, and Comprehensiveness
25-Jun-2010; Larry Parker, John Blodgett, Brent Yacobucci; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
January 28, 2008
January 12, 1999
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The nature of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions) makes their control difficult to integrate with the U.S economy and traditional U.S. energy policy. Despite the obvious interrelationship between energy policy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the United.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Economics & Trade, Energy
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20840 - Agriculture in the WTO: Limits on Domestic Support
16-Jun-2010; Randy Schnepf; 11 p.
Update: Previous releases:
March 13, 2001
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Most of the provisions of the current farm bill, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246), do not expire until 2012. However, hearings on the 2012 farm bill have already begun. Congress is in the process of reviewing farm income and commodity price support proposals that migh.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, International, Economics & Trade
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32185 - U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions
15-Jun-2010; Eugene H. Buck; 14 p.
Update: Previous Updates
June 22, 2009
January 7, 2004
February 12, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS Convention) was agreed to in 1982, but the United States never became a signatory nation. The Senate Committee on Foreign Relations reported the LOS Convention on December 19, 2007. The Senate may choose to address the ambiguities of the LO.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Economics & Trade
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34705 - Estimating Offset Supply in a Cap-and-Trade Program
16-Apr-2010; Jonathan L. Ramseur; 15 p.
Abstract: If allowed as a compliance option in a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction program (e.g., a cap-and-trade system), offsets have the potential to provide considerable cost savings and other benefits. However, offsets have generated considerable controversy, primarily over the concern that ille.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Economics & Trade
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21556 - Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute
8-Apr-2010; Charles E. Hanrahan; 11 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 2, 2006
March 10, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a dispute with the European Union concerning the EU’s de facto moratorium on biotechnology product approvals, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (G.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, Agriculture
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34560 - Forest Carbon Markets: Potential and Drawbacks
24-May-2010; Ross W. Gorte and Jonathan L. Ramseur; 21 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 3, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Forests are major carbon sinks (storehouses), and activities that alter forests can release or sequester carbon dioxide (CO2), the most common greenhouse gas (GHG). Some carbon markets have been formed under mandatory GHG reduction regimes, such as the Kyoto Protocol and various regional and stat.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Forests, Economics & Trade, Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34198 - U.S. Food and Agricultural Imports: Safeguards and Selected Issues
16-Dec-2009; Geoffrey S. Becker ; 20 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
February 2, 2009
August 14, 2008
April 16, 2008
January 2, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: U.S. officials continue to assert that the U.S. food supply, including the portion provided through imports, is among the safest in the world. One challenge has been how to keep it safe in the face of rapidly rising imports, a result of globalization and consumer desire for a wider variety of foo.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, Risk & Reform, Agriculture
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