HTML _ 96-641 - ''Mad Cow Disease'' or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: Scientific and Regulatory Issues
9-Jul-1997; Judith Johnson & Donna Vogt; 6 p.

Abstract: In March 1996, the British government announced a possible link between a deadly cattle disease, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), and a rare, fatal human illness, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The announcement was prompted by the discovery of 10 atypical cases of CJD; the current total is 20 cases. The possible link between CJD and BSE caused a loss in public confidence in beef in Europe; the economic impact has been severe. No BSE cases have been reported in the United States. Because of the potential risk to U.S. public health and the economic well-being of the beef industry, federal agencies are: monitoring the situation in Europe; supporting research on CJD and BSE; and prohibiting imports of cattle and beef products from BSE-affected countries. On June 5, 1997, the Food and Drug Administration published a final rule designed to prevent the spread of BSE through animal feed in the United States. [read report]

Topics: Agriculture

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