95-471 - Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea
7-Apr-1995; James Mielke; 5 p.
Abstract: On July 29, 1994, the United States signed the Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. This agreement substantially reforms the seabed mining provisions of the 1982 Convention, which the United States found objectionable. In signing the Agreement, President Clinton accepted provisional application of it which enables the United States to participate in the International Seabed Authority (ISA) and its organs and bodies. On November 16, 1994, the U.N. Law of the Sea Convention entered into force without accession by the United States. The President has submitted to the Senate the 1982 Convention with Annexes and the 1994 Agreement with Annex for its advice and consent for ratification (Treaty Doc. 103-39). The Agreement and the Convention with their respective Annexes are to be taken together as a single, legally binding instrument and, in the event of inconsistency between them, the Agreement is to prevail. Implementing legislation to bring U.S. law into conformity is expected. The treaty document was referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations late in the 103d Congress and awaits committee action in the 104th Congress. [read report]
Topics: Marine, Mining