HTML _ RL30535 - Management of U.S. Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species
21-Apr-2000; Eugene Buck; 8 p.

Abstract: Under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA; 16 U.S.C. 1802(20)), highly migratory species (HMS) are defined as tunas, oceanic sharks, and billfishes ? marlins (Tetrapturus spp. and Makaira spp.), sailfishes (Istiophorus spp.), and swordfish (Xiphias gladius). HMS are managed differently from most fish because their extensive migrations necessitate coordinated management across many jurisdictions. These fish are caught by U.S. sport and commercial fishermen in inshore state-managed waters, within the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), in the EEZs of central and western Pacific island nations under treaty agreement, and in international waters. Most of the U.S. commercial catch of swordfish and sharks is taken within the U.S. EEZ. However, in the Pacific, the majority of tuna, sharks, and swordfish caught by U.S. commercial fishermen is taken in international or foreign waters. [read report]

Topics: Marine, International, Economics & Trade

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