HTML _ 96-772 - Law of the Sea; The International Seabed Authority - Its Status and U.S. Participation Therein
16-Sep-1996; Marjorie Ann Browne; 7 p.

Abstract: The 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea, as amended by the 1994 Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the U.N. Convention, entered into force, on November 16, 1994. That action initiated establishment of the International Seabed Authority (ISA), composed of all States parties to the Convention, to administer the seabed mining regime set forth in the Convention/Agreement. While the United States is not a party to the Convention, it signed the 1994 Agreement, enabling it to apply provisionally the seabed related portions of the Convention/Agreement and to participate in the work of the ISA. During 1995 and 1996, the ISA met and formally organized itself, electing members of its major bodies. The Convention/Agreement package was transmitted to the Senate in October 1994. Through July 28, 1996, when the Agreement entered into force, the United States provisionally applied the Agreement, participating fully in work of the ISA. It is a member of the ISA Assembly and was elected to three bodies: the ISA Council, Finance Committee, and Legal and Technical Commission.1 The United States continues as a member of the ISA on a provisional basis through November 16, 1998, or until the Senate approves U.S. ratification of the Convention/Agreement package. If the Senate does not act by that date, it is expected U.S. membership in the ISA will cease. In addition, the United States participates as an observer in the Meetings of States Parties to the Convention. [read report]

Topics: Marine

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