Pollution
    Records 1 to 10 of 111
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go directly to report, PDF _ R41396 - The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act
8-Sep-2010; Kristina Alexander; 18 p.
Abstract: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill leaked an estimated 4.1 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, damaging the waters, shores, and marshes, and the fish and wildlife that live there. The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) establishes a process for assessing the damages to those natural resources .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Natural Resources, Pollution
2317 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33705 - Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress
2-Sep-2010; Jonathan L. Ramseur; 28 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 30, 2010
September 2, 2008
February 5, 2008
August 23, 2007
April 24, 2007
October 25, 2006 (/NLE/CRSreports/06Nov/RL33705.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The impacts of an oil spill depend on the size of the spill, the rate of the spill, the type of oil spilled, and the location of the spill. Depending on timing and location, even a relatively minor spill can cause significant harm to individual organisms and entire populations. Oil spills can cau.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Marine, Government
1761 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41308 - The 2010 Oil Spill: Criminal Liability Under Wildlife Laws
31-Aug-2010; Kristina Alexander; 13 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 14, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The United States has laws that make it illegal to harm protected wildlife. Those laws could be used to prosecute those who caused the 2010 oil spill. Perhaps the most famous of these laws is the Endangered Species Act (ESA), which provides for both criminal and civil penalties for acts that harm.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Waste Management, Pollution
2287 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41265 - The 2010 Oil Spill: The MMS/BOEMRE and NEPA
19-Aug-2010; Kristina Alexander; 30 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 4, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On April 20, 2010, an exploratory oil well in the Gulf of Mexico exploded, killing 11 people and causing the worst oil spill in American history. The oil well was on a tract leased by BP, having obtained a lease and the relevant permits from the federal government. Under relevant federal law, fed.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Pollution, Marine
2281 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41370 - Federal Civil and Criminal Penalties Possibly Applicable to Parties Responsible for the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
16-Aug-2010; Robert Meltz; 13 p.
Abstract: Since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill began on April 20, 2010, Congress has given much attention to the compensatory liability provisions of the Oil Pollution Act and, to a lesser extent, those of the Jones Act and the Death on the High Seas Act. However, federal laws possibly relevant to the oil.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Waste Management, Pollution
2311 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41335 - Proposed Amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): Senate and House Bills Compared with Current Law
12-Aug-2010; Linda-Jo Schierow; 69 p.
Abstract: On April 15, 2010, Senator Lautenberg introduced legislation (S. 3209) to amend the core provisions of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Title I. Representatives Waxman and Rush introduced comprehensive legislation to amend TSCA (H.R. 5820) on July 22, 2010. This report compares key provisi.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Legislative
2302 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41341 - Regulating Coal Combustion Waste Disposal: Issues for Congress
21-Sep-2010; Linda Luther; 25 p.
Abstract: Coal combustion waste (CCW) is inorganic material that remains after pulverized coal is burned for electricity production. A tremendous amount of the material is generated each year—industry estimates that as much as 136 million tons were generated in 2008. On December 22, 2008, national attentio.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Pollution, Energy
2304 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41325 - Carbon Capture: A Technology Assessment
19-Jul-2010; Peter Folger; 99 p.
Abstract: Carbon capture and sequestration (or carbon capture and storage, CCS) is widely seen as a critical strategy for limiting atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2)—the principal “greenhouse gas” linked to global climate change—from power plants and other large industrial sources. This report f.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Pollution, Science & Technology
2301 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32344 - Ballast Water Management to Combat Invasive Species
8-Jul-2010; Eugene H. Buck; 15 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
October 1, 2007
June 20, 2007
October 2, 2006
http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/06oct/RL32344.pdf
http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/05mar/RL32344.pdf
http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/04Apr/RL32344.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The 111th Congress may elect to consider legislation (H.R. 500 and S. 237) that has been introduced to amend and reauthorize the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990 to further study vessel ballast water management standards and modify how ballast water is handled.

.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Economics & Trade, Water

250 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33656 - Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA’s Response to the Waterkeeper Alliance Court Decision on Regulation of CAFOs
15-Jun-2010; Claudia Copeland; 20 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 20, 2008
August 31, 2007
May 16, 2007
September 20, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In October 2008, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a regulation to revise a 2003 Clean Water Act rule governing waste discharges from large confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs). This action was necessitated by a 2005 federal court decision (Waterkeeper Alliance et al. v. EPA,.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Waste Management, Pollution
1742 
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