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go directly to report, PDF _ RL34612 - Food Safety on the Farm: Federal Programs and Selected Proposals
8-Aug-2008; Geoffrey S. Becker; 13 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
Auguest 8, 2008.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Foodborne illness-causing bacteria on farms can enter the food supply unless preventive measures are in place to reduce them, either prior to or after harvest. Also of potential risk to the food supply are pesticide residues, animal drugs, and naturally occurring contaminants such as aflatoxin.[expand]  [read report]

Topics: Agriculture, General
2075 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34178 - Funding Levels for Conservation Programs in the 2007 Farm Bill
1-Jan-2008; Jeffrey Zinn; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 5, 2007
October 15, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Future funding levels for USDA programs, including conservation programs, are among the most contentious issues Congress is addressing in the 2007 farm bill debate. The 110th Congress has adopted a “pay-as-you-go” approach government- wide, so that any increase in mandatory funding in one are.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Government, General
1917 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22575 - Brownfield Issues in the 110th Congress
30-Nov-2007; Mark Reisch; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 24, 2007
January 23, 2007 (/NLE/CRSreports/07Feb/RS22575.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Brownfields Act authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to award grants for the assessment and cleanup of sites that pose a less serious threat to human health and the environment than sites addressed by the Superfund program. The authorization expired on September 30, 2006. In the.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General, Legislative, Pollution
1807 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34190 - Pandemic Influenza: An Analysis of State Preparedness and Response Plans
24-Sep-2007; Sarah A. Lister and Holly Stockdale; 31 p.
Abstract: States are the seat of most authority for public health emergency response. Much of the actual work of response falls to local officials. However, the federal government can impose requirements upon states as a condition of federal funding. Since 2002, Congress has provided funding to all U.S.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, General, Information
1914 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33949 - Environmental Impacts of Airport Operations, Maintenance, and Expansion
5-Sep-2007; Linda Luther; 23 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 22, 2007
April 5, 2007.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Funding authorization for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) programs set forth in the Vision 100 — Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (P.L. 108-176, hereafter referred to as Vision 100) are set to expire at the end of FY2007. During the current reauthorization process, methods to address.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, General, Information
1852 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20351 - Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Pro and Con
28-Jun-2005; Jonathan Medalia ; 6 p.
Abstract: The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) would ban all nuclear explosions. President Clinton signed it in 1996 and transmitted it to the Senate in 1997. The Senate rejected it in 1999. To enter into force, 44 named nations, including the United States, must ratify the treaty. The Bush Admin.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Information, General
1911 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22657 - Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Economic and Social Indicators
2-May-2007; Julissa Gomez-Granger ; 4 p.
Abstract: This fact sheet tracks selected economic and social development indicators for Latin American and Caribbean countries. It also classifies country economies by income. The tables show the most recent data available at the time of printing from the World Bank, the United Nations Development Prog.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, General
1865 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21044 - Background and Legal Issues Related to Stem Cell Research
1-Jun-2007; Jon O. Shimabukuro; 6 p.
Abstract: In August 2001, President Bush announced that federal funds, with certain restrictions, may be used to conduct research on human embryonic stem cells. Federal research is limited to “the more than 60” existing stem cell lines that were derived (1) with the informed consent of the donors; (2) from.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Information, General
1860 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22266 - The Use of Federal Troops for Disaster Assistance: Legal Issues
24-Apr-2007; Jennifer K. Elsea; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 14, 2006 (www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/06Sep/RS22266.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Hurricane Katrina raised questions concerning the President’s legal authority to send active duty military forces into a disaster area and the permissible functions the military can perform to protect life and property and maintain order. The Stafford Act authorizes the use of the military for disas.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, General
1725 
go directly to report, PDF _ 98-871 - Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Status and Issues
23-Apr-2007; Christine M. Matthews; 27 p.
Abstract: An important aspect of U.S. efforts to maintain and improve economic competitiveness is the existence of a capable scientific and technological workforce. A major concern of the 110th Congress may be regarding the future ability of the U.S. science and engineering base to generate the technological.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General, Science & Technology, Information
1809 
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